Ceramic tiles are made of clay that has been heat treated in a kiln. Ceramic tile is similar to porcelain tile, and while some companies use the terms interchangeably, they are actually very different. Ceramic tile is not as dense and has a higher absorption rate. This means that it may chip or damage more easily than porcelain tile. Despite these differences, ceramic tiles are very popular choice for floors and walls. The tile is coated with a special glaze that protects and seals it. This keeps the tile from absorbing stains while improving the durability of each piece. The glaze is also what gives ceramic tile its color and pattern. Several ceramic tile designs and sizes are available.
Polished porcelain tiles: Once these tiles have been heated in fire, they undergo an extreme polishing process using soluble salts, so that the tile is finely polished until it bears an impressive high-gloss sheen, in much the same way marble, granite and other natural stones are polished. The process also gives them an impressive level of slip-resistance for such a high-gloss tile.
Although these tiles look like they have been coated, it is important to understand that this is not always the case. The polishing process cuts through some of the porcelain clay particles, exposing their inner core. Although porcelain is relatively impervious to stains, it is the inner core that may, in some cases, accept staining.
As such, it is essential that these tiles be sealed with a special sealer so that the exposed pores are filled. This will make the tiles impenetrable to any stains and easier to maintain. These sealers will not affect the appearance or the slip-resistance of the tile. Since these tiles are made entirely from clay, their colour and texture variations are limited to that of the actual clay used.
Glazed porcelain tiles: These tiles boast a porcelain body with a factory-applied glaze that creates an extremely dense and non-porous finish. It also allows for the ability to apply various printed patterns onto the tiles for more variations with regards to colour and texture.
Different manufacturers use various techniques to glaze porcelain tiles, however, once a porcelain tile has been glazed, it will last the lifetime of the tile and no further treatment will be required as the tile can be considered as non-porous, stain- and slip-resistant. This makes them exceptionally easy to clean and maintain and ideal for all kinds of residential floor and wall applications.
Travertine, which is commonly used for both flooring and backsplash, is available in four basic styles or textures:
With this wide range of textural styles, a warm and buttery color palette that ranges from rust to beige, and a durable composition that can withstand even heavy-duty wear-and-tear, travertine makes a timeless yet trendy addition to any home or apartment in 2020. Continue reading to learn about these perks — plus a few travertine drawbacks — in more detail.
Marble is a very popular natural stone that is quarried and cut into slabs and tiles for a variety of residential and commercial building applications, including countertops, floors, and wall tiles. It is a metamorphic rock that forms when a sedimentary stone, such as limestone, is transformed under heat and pressure into a harder stone with beautiful color and veined patterns. Marble is sometimes confused with granite, however, granite is an igneous rock derived from volcanic magma, not layered sedimentary rock. Granite typically has a pebbly or spotted color pattern, while marble usually has a wavy veined pattern.
These maroccan ceramic tiles was used as a floor for a basket ball court. One of our early tiling contracts was done with great success for a German client in Llundudno Cape Town.